ARC Researchers at the 2016 SAE World Congress
(April 12-14, Detroit, Michigan, USA)

ARC researchers (principal investigators in bold) will be presenting their latest research developments at the 2016 SAE World Congress. Below are their papers which may include non-ARC sponsored research.

Tuesday, April 12

Session PFL261; Room 411 A
Dual Fuel Combustion Processes (Part 1 of 2)
Mixed mode using more than one fuel not fully mixed before combustion. Most often with auto ignition of spray injected late. Papers describing experiments and test data, simulation results focused on applications, fuel/additive effects, and RCCI (Reactivity-Controlled Compression Ignition) are invited and will be placed in appropriate sub-sessions. Papers with an emphasis on the modeling aspects of combustion are encouraged to be submitted into PFL110 or PFL120 modeling sessions
10:00 am 2016-01-0789 Simulation of Dual-Fuel-CI and Single-Fuel-SI Engine Combustion Fueled with CNG
Apoorv P. Talekar, Ming-Chia Lai, Wayne State University; Ke Zeng, Bo Yang, Xian Jiaotong University; Marcis Jansons, Wayne State University (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS504; Room 140 F
Occupant Protection: Occupant Restraints (Air Bags, Seat Belts, Knee Bolsters, Child Seats, etc.)
The Occupant Restraints Session invites papers that document new research on the restraint topics of airbags, seat belts, inflatable bolsters/seat belts, knee bolsters, Child Restraint Systems (CRS) and other related areas. These papers could include several of the following: technology description, occupant performance considerations, field data studies, development/validation methodology / results, CAE/Finite Element methods/results, packaging, and implementation / performance challenges
10:00 am 2016-01-1504 A Pilot Study of Occupant Accommodation and Seat Belt Fit for Law Enforcement Officers
Monica Lynn Haumann Jones, Sheila Ebert-Hamilton, Matthew Reed, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (not ARC funded)
 
Session IDM102; Room 331 A
Reliability and Robust Design in Automotive Engineering: Reliability-Based Design Optimization and Robustness
This session will address theoretical developments and automotive applications in RBDO and Robust Design. Topics include: computational algorithms for efficient estimation of reliability, Monte Carlo simulation, Bayesian reliability, Dempster-Shafer Evidence Theory, and Multi-Disciplinary Optimization, among others.
10:30 am ORAL ONLY Fatigue Life Estimation of Linear Vibratory Systems
Vasiliki TSIANIKA; Monica T. Majcher; Zissimos Mourelatos, Oakland Univ.; Igor Baseski, TARDEC (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS501; Room 140 C
Occupant Protection: Biomechanics
The Biomechanics session presents new research on automotive occupant kinematics, human injury biomechanics, and human tolerance in an automotive environment. This includes new methodologies in the study of human injury, studies of human interaction with occupant protection systems, technological advances in physical and virtual anthropomorphic test devices, and other experimental, analytical and modeling studies on the biomechanics of human injury.
4:30 pm 2016-01-1491 Rapid Development of Diverse Human Body Models for Crash Simulations through Mesh Morphing
Eunjoo Hwang, University of Michigan; Jason Hallman, TEMA; Katelyn Klein, Jonathan Rupp, Matthew Reed, Jingwen Hu, University of Michigan (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS901; Room 140 D
Electric Vehicle Drivetrain Dynamics
This session deals with the analytical and experimental studies of vehicle electric drive vehicles or any non-conventional vehicle concepts that stretch the vehicle dynamics/mobility performance using intelligent technologies such as in-wheel motors, torque-vectoring controls, multi-wheel steer-bywire, etc.
4:30 pm 2016-01-1670 Control Allocation for Multi-Axle Hub Motor Driven Land Vehicles
Qian Wang, Beshah Ayalew, Clemson University; Amandeep Singh, US Army, TARDEC

 

Wednesday, April 13

Session SS303; Room 142 A
Human Factors in Seating Comfort (Part 1 of 2)
Designing vehicles with good ergonomics is one of the many factors needed to achieve high customer satisfaction. A basic source for comfort (or discomfort) lies in the vehicle┬┐s seats. To design for seat comfort requires knowledge of the size of the driver, the structure of the seat, the position of the seat in the vehicle and the trip duration. Papers offers in this session could include topics such as seat back angle, vehicle packaging and trip duration.
8:30 am 2016-01-1429 Development of an Automatic Seat-Dimension Extraction System
Jangwoon Park, Sheila Ebert-Hamilton, K. Han Kim, Monica Jones, Byoung-Keon Park, Matthew Reed, UMTRI (not ARC funded)
9:00 am 2016-01-1436 Statistical Modeling of Automotive Seat Shapes
K. Han Kim, Sheila Ebert-Hamilton, Matthew Reed, University of Michigan (not ARC funded)
 
Session PFL450; Room 252 A
Particle Emissions from Combustion Sources (Part 1 of 2)
This session deals with particle emissions from combustion engines, including measurement and testing methods, and the effects of changes in fuel composition. Topics include the environmental and health effects of elemental carbon and organic carbon that constitutes solid cored particles plus the environmental and health effects of secondary organic aerosol emissions. This includes particulate emissions from both gasoline and diesel engines.
9:30 am 2016-01-0992 Particulate Emissions in GDI Vehicle Transients: An Examination of FTP, HWFET, and US06 Measurements
Justin Koczak, Andre Boehman, University of Michigan; Matthew Brusstar, US Environmental Protection Agency (not ARC funded)
 
Session PFL221; Room 411 B
Combustion in Compression-Ignition Engines: Efficiency and Emissions
Papers focusing on efficiency and emissions for classical diesel engine combustion with relatively short ignition delay, including papers dealing with low compression ratio and high exhaust-gas recirculation calibrations. Subject matter may include both experimental and simulation results focused on applications of piston bowl design, heat transfer, and fuel injection, or other factors affecting fuel efficiency and engine-out emissions.
11:00 am 2016-01-0726 Experimental Study of Post Injection Scheduling for Soot Reduction in a Light-Duty Turbodiesel Engine
Jonathan Martin, Chenxi Sun, Andre Boehman, University of Michigan; Jacqueline O'Connor, Penn State University (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS103; Room 312 B
Design Optimization - Methods and Applications (Part 2 of 2)
Design Optimization Methods and Application session features papers on new and improved optimization techniques and on application of different optimization methods in component and vehicle design. Methods include deterministic and stochastic optimization techniques. Applications range from noise pressure optimization and vehicle dynamic response optimization to sub-system topology and shape and full vehicle gage and topology optimization.
1:00 pm 2016-01-1395 Computational Efficiency Improvements in Topography Optimization Using Reanalysis
Syed F. Haider, Zissimos Mourelatos, Oakland University (not ARC funded)
 
Session PFL580; Room 413 B
Engine Block, Cylinder Heads, Oil & Water Pumps, Intake & Exhaust Systems
This session describes the design, modeling and performance validation of cylinder heads, lubrication systems and pumps, coolant systems and pumps, intake manifolds, exhaust manifolds, and engine block structures.
3:00 pm 2016-01-1090 Experimental Studies of EGR Cooler Fouling on a GDI Engine
Kwang Hee Yoo, John Hoard, Andre Boehman, University of Michigan; Matthew Gegich, Benteler Automotive Corp (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS900; Room 140 D
Vehicle Dynamics, Stability and Control (Part 2 of 3)
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
4:00 pm 2016-01-1630 A Fuzzy Inference System for Understeer/Oversteer Detection Towards Model-Free Stability Control
Benjamin Hirche, Ford Motor Co.; Beshah Ayalew, Clemson Univ. (not ARC funded)
4:30 pm 2016-01-1655 A Model-Free Stability Control Design Scheme with Active Steering Actuator Sets
Benjamin Hirche, Ford Motor Co.; Beshah Ayalew, Clemson Univ. (not ARC funded)
 

 

Thursday, April 14

Session PFL520; Room 411 A
Engine Boosting Systems (Part 1 of 2)
This session will cover conceptual, modeling and experimental studies relating to advanced turbochargers/superchargers and advanced boosting systems to achieve increased power density, better fuel economy, and reduced emissions.
9:30 am 2016-01-1035 Comparison of High- and Low-Pressure Electric Supercharging of a HDD Engine: Steady State and Dynamic Air-Path Considerations
Rasoul Salehi, Jason Martz, Anna Stefanopoulou, University of Michigan; Taylor Hansen, Andrew Haughton, Controlled Power Technologies, Inc.
 
Session SS100; Room 312 B
Body Engineering and Design (Part 1 of 2)
BE & D cover several important areas that are related to vehicle body, including its components such as instrument panel, steering column and wheel, seats, hood, decklid, transmission cross-member, hard mounted chassis, CRFM, etc. Topics included are: Novel concepts, Analysis, Design, Testing, Predictions of strength, stiffness, and fatigue life, welding methods, vehicle body quality, durability, reliability, safety, ride & handling, NVH, aerodynamics, mass reduction, as well as fuel economy.
10:00 am 2016-01-1338 Reanalysis of Linear Dynamic Systems using Modified Combined Approximations with Frequency Shifts
Syed F. Haider, Zissimos Mourelatos, Oakland University (not ARC funded)
 
Session IDM201; Room 331 C
Modeling and Simulation of Military Ground Vehicles (Part 1 of 2)
The complexity and cost of military vehicle ground vehicles are ideal candidates for the system-level modeling and simulation environment. This session will address the emerging technologies, practical challenges, and current gaps related to modeling and simulation of military ground vehicles. Topics of interest may consist of vehicle system integration and optimization, vehicle dynamics/control , advanced and hybrid powertrains, high performance structures/materials and vehicle mobility.
10:00 am 2016-01-0313 Powerpack Optimal Design Methodology with Embedded Configuration Benchmarking
Andrej Ivanco, Clemson-ICAR; Kan Zhou, Heath Hofmann, University of Michigan; Zoran S. Filipi, Clemson-ICAR
11:00 am 2016-01-0317 Control Strategies for Power Quantized Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Hybrid Powertrains: In Mobile Robot Applications
Yuanzhan Wang, Jason B. Siegel, Anna G. Stefanopoulou, University of Michigan
 
Session PFL710; Room 420 B
Advanced Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Powertrains (Part 5 of 5)
This session covers recent advances in research, development and engineering of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric powertrains and architectures with particular emphasis on new and near-production technologies.
10:30 am 2016-01-1165 Impacts of Adding Photovoltaic Solar System On-Board to Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles Towards Meeting 2025 Fuel Economy CAFE Standards
Mahmoud Abdelhamid, University of California, Merced; Imtiaz Haque, Srikanth Pilla, Zoran S. Filipi, Rajendra Singh, Clemson University (not ARC funded)
 
Session SS000; Room 140 F
Noise and Vibration (Part 3 of 3)
This session will cover intake/exhaust/powertrain and chassis noise and vibration. Papers covering vehicle interior comfort, advanced methods and subjective response will also be addressed.
10:30 am 2016-01-1318 An Improved Reanalysis Method Using Parametric Reduced Order Modeling for Linear Dynamic Systems
Syed F. Haider, Zissimos Mourelatos, Oakland University (not ARC funded)
 
Session M208; Room 357
Load Simulation and Vehicle Performance: Tire and Terrain
Focusing on tire and terrain mechanics modeling for load simulations, tire model development, parameters identification, and sensitivity analyses, tire test development, road profile characterization, effective road profile development, and interactions between tire, suspension/steering/brake systems, and different terrains, spindle loads/travel variation characteristics from deterministic and rough roads, terramechanics, tire noise, rolling resistance and correlation studies.
1:00 pm ORAL ONLY Technical Keynote: Tire Dynamics Simulation for Transient Braking and Cornering
Hiroyuki Sugiyama, Univ. of Iowa
 
Session IDM201; Room 331 C
Modeling and Simulation of Military Ground Vehicles (Part 2 of 2)
The complexity and cost of military vehicle ground vehicles are ideal candidates for the system-level modeling and simulation environment. This session will address the emerging technologies, practical challenges, and current gaps related to modeling and simulation of military ground vehicles. Topics of interest may consist of vehicle system integration and optimization, vehicle dynamics/control , advanced and hybrid powertrains, high performance structures/materials and vehicle mobility.
1:00 pm 2016-01-0311 Simulation and Comparison of Autoignition of Homogeneous Fuel/Air Mixtures and Sprays in Diesel Engines
Umashankar Mohan Chandra Joshi, Manan Jyotin Trivedi, Ziliang Zheng, Wayne State University; Peter Schihl, US Army TARDEC; Naeim A. Henein, Wayne State University
1:30 pm 2016-01-0310 An Engine Thermal Management System Design for Military Ground Vehicle - Simultaneous Fan, Pump and Valve Control
Xinran Tao, John R. Wagner, Clemson University
2:00 pm 2016-01-0309 Evaluation of the Seat Index Point Tool for Military Seats
Matthew Reed, University of Michigan; Sheila Ebert-Hamilton, UMTRI
2:30 pm 2016-01-0316 Uncertainty Assessment in Restraint System Optimization for Occupants of Tactical Vehicles
Dorin Drignei; Zissimos Mourelatos, Ervisa Kosova, Oakland Univ.; Jingwen Hu, Matthew Reed, Univ. of Michigan - Ann Arbor; Jonathan Rupp, Transportation Research Institute; Rebekah Gruber, US Army TARDEC; Risa Scherer, US Army
3:00 pm 2016-01-0307 A Reduced-Order Model for Evaluating the Dynamic Response of Multilayer Plates to Impulsive Loads
Weiran Jiang, Alyssa Bennett, Nickolas Vlahopoulos, University of Michigan; Matthew Castanier, Ravi Thyagarajan, US Army TARDEC
3:30 pm ORAL ONLY Reliability Assessment and Warranty Prediction of Repairable Systems Using Renewal Processes
Themistoklis Koutsellis, Oakland University; Matthew Castanier, US Army TARDEC; Zissimos Mourelatos, Oakland University
 
Session PFL370; Room 360
Holistic Session on Fuel Consumption and Fuel Economy (Part 2 of 2)
The focus of this session is the performance of integrated vehicle systems and the influence of driving styles and drive cycles on fuel consumption/economy. This will include how integration of vehicle components such as the powertrain, parasitics, accessories, mass elements, aerodynamics, tires, brakes, and hubs affect the overall vehicle energy and energy conversion efficiency.
2:30 pm 2016-01-0906 Fuel Efficiency Estimates for Future Light Duty Vehicles, Part A: Engine Technology and Efficiency
Robert J. Middleton, Omnaath Guptha Harihara Gupta, Han- Yuan Chang, George Lavoie, Jason Martz, Univ. of Michigan (not ARC funded)
3:00 pm 2016-01-0905 Fuel Efficiency Estimates for Future Light Duty Vehicles, Part B: Powertrain Technology and Drive Cycle Fuel Economy
Robert J. Middleton, Omnaath Guptha Harihara Gupta, Han- Yuan Chang, George Lavoie, Jason Martz, Univ. of Michigan (not ARC funded)
 
Session PFL430; Room 251 C
Emission Control Modeling (Part 2 of 2)
Papers cover exhaust aftertreatment system models, as well as their validation and application. Technologies encompassed include DOC, HC Trap, DPF, GPF, LNT, TWC, SCR, SCRF, ammonia oxidation catalysts, hybrid or combined catalysts, urea-water solution spray dynamics, and mixture non-uniformity. Modeling aspects range from fundamental, 3D models of individual components to system level simulation, optimization, variation, degradation, and control.
3:00 pm 2016-01-0971 Characterization of Aging Effect on Three-Way Catalyst Oxygen Storage Dynamics
Stefano Sabatini, Irfan Kil, Clemson University; Travis Hamilton, Jeff Wuttke, Luis Del Rio, Michael Smith, FCA US LLC; Zoran Filipi, Clemson University; Mark A. Hoffman, Clemson University; Simona Onori, Clemson University (not ARC funded)
 
Session PFL750; Room 413 A
Controls for Hybrids and Electric Powertrains
This session covers powertrain control processes related to achieving stringent market fuel economy, emissions, performance, reliability, and quality demands of hybrid and electric powertrains. Topics include the control, calibration, and diagnostics of the engine, powertrain, and supporting electromechanical subsystems related to energy management.
4:30 pm 2016-01-1239 Optimal Supervisory Control of the Series HEV with Consideration of Temperature Effects on Battery Fading and Cooling Loss
Xueyu Zhang, Zoran Filipi, Clemson-ICAR