2011 SAGE Best Paper Award for ARC Paper
The paper "Cycle-resolved measurements of in-cylinder constituents during diesel engine transients and insight into their impact on emissions, J R Hagena, D N Assanis, and Z S Filipi, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering 2011;225 1103-1117. DOI: 10.1177/0954407011414997" has been awarded the 2011 SAGE Best Paper Award by the Editor and Editorial Board of Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering.
Abstract: Diesel engine transients, in particular the rapid increase of load from idle, lead to significant excursions of operating parameters from normal, steady-state operation. A typical transient event is initiated by a sudden increase of fuelling followed by a turbo lag period. The trajectories of key parameters, such as boost pressure, air/fuel ratio, and amount of residual in the cylinder, depend on the complex interplay between the control system behaviour, actuator response, and time scales of physical processes. The end result is a significant deviation of the combustion event and emission formation. For example, it has been shown that transient spikes of soot may be responsible for up to half of total particulate emissions during a city driving cycle.
The present paper introduces an experimental technique to quantify cycle-resolved pre-combustion in-cylinder constituents during transient engine operation and uses measurements to generate insight into mechanisms that cause increased emissions during a diesel engine transient event. A 6.0-litre V-8 diesel engine is instrumented for fuel injector needle lift and injection pressure measurements, cylinder pressure, simultaneous fast measurements of CO2 concentrations in the exhaust and in the cylinder, and fast measurements of NO and particulate spectrum. Analytical techniques are introduced to process measurements and determine cycle-resolved mass of fuel, air, and stoichiometric combustion products, thus providing insight into reasons for significant variations of emission during the transient. The technique is utilized to study engine behaviour over an FTP-72 driving cycle.